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International Cluster Competitiveness Project

 
Chart Descriptions
 

 
  Goods Exports by Cluster   Leading Export Industries
1.  Export Values by Cluster 6.  Top 50 Industries by Export Value
2.  World Export Share by Cluster 7.  Top 50 Industries by World Export Share
    8.  Proportion of Exports in the Top 50 Industries
       
  Export Destinations   Exports by Broad Industry Type
3.  Total Goods Exports by Destination   Natural Resource Exports
4.  Total Goods Export Share by Destination 9.    As a Share of Goods Exports
  10.  As a Share of GDP
      Production and Process Machinery Exports
    11.  As a Share of Goods Exports
    12.  As a Share of GDP
       
    13.  Total Goods Exports as a Share of GDP
       
  Global Cluster Competitiveness by Nation   Global Cluster Benchmarks
14.  Cluster Export Value by Nation 16.  Total World Export Value by Cluster
15.  Cluster Export Shares by Nation 17.  World Export Growth Rates by Cluster
 

1.  Export Values by Cluster
 
This bar chart displays the US dollar value of a nation's goods exports across 36 clusters using the most recent year available.  The number appearing after each bar indicates the nation's rank among all reporting nations for goods exports in the cluster.

If a specific cluster is selected in the menu option at the top of the chart window, the bar chart will show the value of a nation's good exports in the constituent subclusters or sub-units of the selected cluster.  There are a total of 209 subclusters.
 
 
   

2.  World Export Share by Cluster
 
This "bubble" chart displays a nation's share of global exports in each cluster and the change in that share over time.  Share is read along the vertical axis.  Change in share is read along the horizontal axis.  A bubble appearing to the top and to the right in a chart indicates that a nation holds high share in that cluster relative to its exports in other clusters and is increasing exports in the cluster at a faster rate than total worldwide exports in the cluster are growing.

The size of each bubble indicates the absolute level in US dollars of a nation's exports in the cluster.  Note that bubble sizes are not comparable between different charts.  The bubble sizes have been chosen to optimize the appearance of each chart.

The horizontal dashed line on the chart indicates the nation's overall average share of global exports in traded goods.  Bubbles above the line represent clusters in which the nation is relatively specialized. The vertical dashed line indicates the change over time in the nation's overall average share of global exports in traded goods.  Bubbles to the right of the line represent clusters in which the nation is gaining share faster than it is gaining (or losing) share of global goods exports overall.

A specific cluster can be chosen, which then reveals an analysis of  the component subclusters.

Share in this chart may be interpreted as a market share.  For example.  The US accounts for 25% of the global exports in Medical Devices by revenue in U.S. dollars. 

 
   

3.  Total Goods Exports by Destination
 
This chart shows the US dollar value of a nation's total goods exports according to the destination type selected at the top of the chart.  Options available:

Leading Trade Partners shows the value of exports to each trade partner receiving more than 0.5% of the nation's total goods exports.  An additional bar for "Rest of the world" summarizes all trade unaccounted for by these leading trade partners.

Neighboring Nations shows total goods exports to each bordering or geographically proximate trade partner.  An additional bar summarizes exports to the rest of the world.  The neighbors with reported trade are listed in each chart.
 
World Regions
shows total goods exports to nine geographic regions.  See region listings for detail on the region definitions.

World Bank Income Groups separates exports to nations in four groups based on Gross National Income per capita.  See the World Bank for further description, and the region listings for detail.

 
   

4.  Total Goods Export Share by Destination
 

This chart shows the share and change in share of a nation's total goods exports according to the four destination types as described above:  Leading Trade Partners, Neighboring Nations, World Regions, World Bank Income Groups.

Share in this chart is the percent of the nation's total goods exports accounted for by the destination shown.  For example, 36% of US goods exports go to destinations in North America.

For some nations the scale of exports to the "Rest of the world" may be much greater than that to any individual trade partner or neighboring nation.  To improve the appearance of the chart, there is an option available to remove the "Rest of the world" bubble from the chart.

 
   

6.  Top 50 Industries by Export Value
 
In this project we accumulate goods export data at four levels of detail for each nation:

1.  Total goods exports
2.  Exports in 36 clusters
3.  Exports in 209 subclusters
4.  Exports in 1,000+ industries

For each nation, the "Top 50 Industries by Export Value" table presents the 50 individual goods export industries responsible for the highest dollar value of exports.  For each industry the following are displayed:  the cluster in which the industry is included, the share, change in share, and dollar value of exports for the nation in the industry.

The total at the bottom of the chart reports the percent of the nation's total exports that are accounted for by these 50 industries.

 
   

7.  Top 50 Industries by World Export Share
 
For each nation, the "Top 50 Industries by World Export Share" table presents the 50 individual goods export industries where the nation holds the highest share of global exports.  For each industry the following are displayed:  the cluster in which the industry is included, the share, change in share, and dollar value of exports for the nation in the industry.

The total at the bottom of the chart reports the percent of the nation's total exports that are accounted for by these 50 industries.
 
   

8.  Proportion of Exports in the Top 50 Industries
 
This chart plots the relationship between the concentration of  nations' exports in their top 50 industries by value (vertical axis) and GDP per capita.  These concentration numbers also appear at the bottom of table #6 for each nation.  
   

9.  Natural Resource Exports As a Share of Goods Exports
 
This chart plots the relationship between the share of natural resources exports in each nations' total goods exports (vertical axis) and GDP per capita.

An option at the top of charts 8-13 allows the range of nations plotted to be specified by geography, World Bank income group, or OECD membership.
 
   

10.  Natural Resource Exports As a Share of GDP
 
This chart plots the relationship between nations' natural resource exports as a component of GDP (vertical axis) and GDP per capita.  This allows an analysis of the importance of natural resources to the world economy.  
   

11.  Production and Process Machinery Exports As a Share of Goods Exports
 
This chart plots the relationship between the significance of production and process machinery exports in nations' world export portfolios (vertical axis) and GDP per capita.  
   

12.  Production and Process Machinery Exports As a Share of GDP
 
This chart plots the relationship between the percent of nation's GDP accounted for by process and process machinery exports (vertical axis) and GDP per capita.  
   

13.  Total Goods Exports as a Share of GDP
 
This chart plots the relationship between the export intensity of nations' economies (vertical axis) and GDP per capita.  
   

14.  Cluster Export Value by Nation
 
For a particular cluster or subcluster, this chart shows the dollar volume of goods exports for the leading nations in the cluster or subcluster  
   

15.  Cluster Export Shares by Nation
 
For a particular cluster or subcluster, this chart shows the share and change in share of goods exports for each leading nation in that cluster or subcluster.

Shares are market shares in U.S. dollars.  For example, Germany is responsible for  18% of the total global goods exports in the Automotive cluster.

 
   

16.  Total World Export Value by Cluster
 
This chart provides the total US dollar value of exports in each of the 36 clusters and 209 subclusters.  
   

17.  World Export Growth Rates by Cluster
 
This chart shows the share of global goods exports that are in each of the clusters and subclusters (vertical axis) and how those shares are growing or declining over time (horizontal axis.)  
   



Source: Prof. Michael E. Porter, International Cluster Competitiveness Project, Institute for Strategy and Competitiveness, Harvard Business School; Richard Bryden, Project Director.
Copyright 2009-2010 by the President and Fellows of Harvard College. All rights reserved.